Tooth decay results from bacteria that have grown on your teeth and eaten away at the enamel, the protective layer of your tooth. This process of teeth decaying can cause pain, swelling, and inflammation that lead to a need for extraction or other types of treatment like a root canal.
The Common Symptoms
Tooth decay is caused by several factors, such as too much sugar intake, inadequate oral hygiene, and lack of fluoride. There are many different types of tooth decay, but the most common symptoms include:
Sensitivity to hot or cold liquids and foods.
Sores in the mouth.
White or brown spots on teeth.
Swelling of gums and yellowing of the teeth.
What Causes Tooth Decay in the First Place?
Tooth decay is a widespread dental problem that is often caused by bacteria. The most common type of tooth decay is caries, which occurs when the enamel on teeth breaks down and the protective layer is lost.
There are many causes of tooth decay. The most common one is plaque, a sticky film that forms on teeth and contains sugars from food. It’s an oral biofilm composed primarily of bacteria that can cause tooth decay (caries) by producing acids that break down tooth enamel. The plaque contains many microorganisms, including streptococcus sanguinis, which is an organism that can cause caries.
Plaque builds up on teeth because we don’t brush them as often as we should, or it doesn’t remove all the plaque and food particles. The bacteria in plaque divide and multiply quickly, making acid that can dissolve tooth enamel. High-sugar foods also make it easier for the bacteria in plaque to develop.
The other cause of tooth decay is cavities, which are holes in the teeth caused by acid from sugar-containing foods. It occurs when bacteria in dental plaque produce acids that attack the dentin and eventually cause cavities in the roots of teeth. These holes can get more prominent if they’re not treated and may lead to tooth loss.
How to Prevent Tooth Decay with Regular Dental Visits and Good Oral Hygiene Habits
Dental visits are essential to maintain a healthy mouth. They allow dentists to check the teeth and gums for any signs of tooth decay, oral cancer, or gum disease. Regular dental visits are essential because they help prevent tooth decay by spotting early signs of cavities and gum disease. Dentists can also recommend ways to keep your teeth healthy, like changing your diet or brushing with fluoride toothpaste.
Good oral hygiene habits such as brushing your teeth twice daily and flossing every day also help prevent tooth decay and gum disease. Wearing a mouth guard is also another oral hygiene habit. Mainly, they are worn to protect the teeth, gums, and lips from injuries caused by contact sports such as football, hockey, and lacrosse. While mouth guards are meant to be worn during sporting events, they can also be used for everyday wear if necessary.
It is well known that a balanced diet is vital for a healthy lifestyle, but what many people don’t know is that it is also crucial for strong teeth. Eating right and maintaining oral hygiene are the two most important things you can do to keep your oral health. A diet rich in calcium and phosphorus will help prevent tooth decay and gum disease. Eating foods high in fiber will also help remove plaque from your teeth, eventually leading to tooth decay.
Best Practices to Preventing Cavity Pain and Saving Your Teeth for Years to Come
In conclusion, there are many ways in which you can prevent cavities and save your teeth for years to come. The best way to go about it is by brushing your teeth regularly, eating a healthy diet, and maintaining good oral hygiene.